Puberty is a stage of development that marks the transition from childhood to adolescence. During puberty, girls experience a variety of physical, emotional, and social changes. Some of the changes that are seen in girls at the time of puberty include:
- Physical changes: Girls will experience a growth spurt and will develop secondary sexual characteristics. This includes breast development, wider hips, the growth of pubic and underarm hair, and the onset of menstruation.
- Hormonal changes: The onset of puberty is triggered by an increase in hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. These hormones cause the physical changes that occur during puberty, as well as the emotional and cognitive changes.
- Emotional changes: Girls may experience mood swings and emotional fluctuations during puberty. They may also experience feelings of self-consciousness and insecurity, as they navigate the changes happening in their bodies.
- Social changes: Girls may experience changes in their social relationships, as they start to interact more with boys and may also experience first crushes and dating. They may also become more interested in their appearance and may start to experiment with different styles of clothing and makeup.
- Cognitive changes: Girls may start to think more abstractly and critically during puberty. They may also become more interested in intellectual and creative pursuits and may start to think more about their future careers and plans.
It’s important to note that the timing and pace of these changes can vary greatly from person to person and that girls may experience different changes differently. It’s also important to understand that these changes are normal and that support from parents, guardians, and healthcare providers can help girls navigate this period of development.